miércoles, 24 de julio de 2019

Formulas Corrent Altern


Voltatge: [V] La V de valor més alt és la que està entre 2 branques
U=ZI   
U=RI
U=SI   Per triangle: U^2=Vr^2+Vx^2
Corrent: [A]
I=UZ
I=SU
Per triangle: I = Raiz de ((400/R)^2+(400/X)^2) I de fora= Raiz de 3·I de dins
Impedància: []
Z=R2+(Xl-Xc)2 Z=(R·X)/raiz(R^2+X^2)
Z=VI
Potència Reactiva: [VAr]
Ql = XlI2
Qc = XcI2
Q= (Xl- Xc)I2Q = XlI2-XcI2
Per triangle: Q=Ql-Qc → Q=3·v^2/Xl - 3·v^2/Xc La V és la de Xl i Xc <400
També: Q= Raiz de (S^2 - P^2)
Q=3·X·I^2 I petita
Potència Aparent: [VA]
S = VI S=(Raiz de 3)·V·I V gran, I gran
S=P2+Q2
Per triangle: S = Raiz de 3·U·I La V és la gran (400) La I és la de fora
Potència Activa: [W]
P=RI2
P=SCos
P=V2R
Per triangle: P=3·R·Ir^2    I petita → P=3·V^2/R → P=3·V·I → (I = I de fuera/Raiz de 3)
(Vr=la de R → U^2=Vr^2+Vx^2)
Factor de Potència:
Cos =P actS
Cos =RZ  Sen a = X/Z
Freqüències:
C=12 f Xc [F]
L=Xl2 f [H]
F=12 CL [Hz]
w=2f [rad/s]
Reactàncies:
Xc=12 f C
Xl=wL

Pot Activa = U·I·cos(phi)

Poema Castellano 2018


Poema de Sant Jordi

El Dormir

La dulce sensación de su contacto,
Relajado mi sentimiento
Sábanas blancas sobre mi aliento
Navegando sobre mi cuerpo intacto.

Mi alma desplomada
Cae descansada
Y en la arena reposando
Mi sueño está pasando

Deja aflorar tus sueños
ellos son mis deseos
son mi vida nocturna
por ello quédate

Plácido sueño no te alejes
Nutre mi mente de aventuras
Tras el tardío adormecer
Mañana tu presencia olvidaré

Al despertar de mi sueño
envuelto en mi cabello
se halla el desconcierto
de distinguir todo aquello


Max Puig

Figuras retóricas selectividad (con resumen)

Figuras retóricas

Aliteración consiste en la repetición de determinados sonidos en una misma frase o verso:

Si he segado las sombras en silencio.

Anadiplosis consiste en la repetición de una misma palabra a final de un verso y al principio del siguiente:

Todo pasa y todo queda
pero lo nuestro es pasar,
pasar haciendo caminos
caminos sobre la mar.

Anáfora es la repetición de una misma palabra o secuencia de palabras a principio de varios versos:

No perdono a la muerte enamorada,
no perdono a la vida desatenta,
no perdono a la tierra ni a la nada.

Antítesis se produce cuando aparecen palabras o ideas contrarias en un mismo texto:

No perdono a la muerte enamorada,
no perdono a la vida desatenta,
no perdono a la tierra ni a la nada.

Apóstrofe es una apelación directa y vehemente a la persona a quien está dirigido el discurso. En poesía es frecuente que vaya unido a la personificación, y que el poeta se dirija a algún elemento de la naturaleza:

Río Duero, río Duero, nadie a acompañarte baja;
nadie se detiene a oír
tu eterna estrofa de agua.


Asíndeton consiste en una enumeración en la que no se emplean conjunciones coordinantes:

Día, noche, ponientes, madrugadas, espacios,
ondas nuevas, antiguas, gugitivas, perpetuas,
mar o tierra, navío lecho, pluma, cristal,
metal, música, labio, silencio, vegetal,
mundo, quietud, su forma.

Encabalgamiento consiste en separar dos palabras que pertenecen al mismo sintagma (o que están sintácticamente muy unidas) dejando una a final de verso y la otra al principio del siguiente, lo cual supone una alteración abrupta de la lectura natural:
SOLO VALE EN POEMAS.

que avanza por caminos que no llevan
a ningún sitio. El éxito
de todos los fracasos. La enloquecida
fuerza del desaliento…

Enumeración consiste en ofrecer una lista de elementos que pertenecen a una misma categoría según un criterio objetivo o por elección subjetiva del emisor del mensaje:

Día, noche, ponientes, madrugadas, espacios,
ondas nuevas, antiguas, gugitivas, perpetuas,
mar o tierra, navío lecho, pluma, cristal,
metal, música, labio, silencio, vegetal,
mundo, quietud, su forma.

Epanadiplosis consiste  la repetición de una misma palabra a principio y final de un mismo verso:

Y entre los santos de piedra
y los álamos de magia
pasas llevando en tus ondas
palabras de amor, palabras.

Epíteto es el adjetivo que expresa una cualidad inherente al sustantivo al que acompaña:

Las  diminutas margaritas blancas.

Eufemismo: consiste en aludir a un referente que puede resultar desagradable o vulgar mediante un término que resulte menos ofensivo:

Mal sosegadilla debes tener la punta de la barriga.

Hipérbaton es una alteración del orden natural de las palabras para producir determinados efectos estéticos:
Comer voy a ir con mis amigos.
Llamarse mi amigo de apellido Urbanczyk (urbano el alias).

Hipálage consiste en transferir una característica propia de un sustantivo (o referente) a otro que aparece en el mismo contexto:
A las desalentadas amapolas
daré mi corazón por alimento.

Hipérbole consiste en una exageración evidente de la realidad que se está describiendo o de los sentimientos expresados:

Tanto dolor se agrupa en mi costado
que por doler me duele hasta el aliento.

Interrogación retórica consiste en pronunciar una pregunta sin esperar respuesta pero con la intención de provocar en el lector la reflexión o emocionarle:

¿Temes que se te sequen los grandes rosales del día,
las tristes azucenas letales de tus noches?

Ironía consiste en expresar alguna cosa dando a entender la contraria.

Lítote o atenuación consiste en afirmar algo negando lo contrario:

No es muy inteligente por tu parte. (es poco inteligente)

Metáfora consiste en la asociación de dos elementos de la realidad que no resultaría evidente y que el autor establece a través de una relación lógica, ingeniosa o extremadamente subjetiva:

El jinete se acercaba
tocando el tambor del llano.

Metonimia consiste en la sustitución de un término por otro basándose en las relaciones objetivas existentes entre los significados de ambos términos.

Oxímoron es un tipo de antítesis que consiste en la expresión de dos ideas opuestas en un mismo sintagma. A menudo el oxímoron es también una paradoja:

En esa región donde el amor, ángel terrible,
no esconda como acero
en mi pecho su ala

Paradoja es la expresión de una idea inconcebible por contradictoria:

El alma tenías
tan clara y abierta
que yo nunca pude
entrarme en tu alma.

Paralelismo consiste en la repetición de una misma o semejante estructura sintáctica en varios versos:

No perdono a la muerte enamorada,
no perdono a la vida desatenta,
no perdono a la tierra ni a la nada.

Paronomasia consiste en el empleo de dos palabras con sonido semejante cuyo significado no tiene nada que ver. Este recurso incide en el carácter lúdico del lenguaje.

Personificación consiste en dar características o capacidades humanas a objetos inanimados:

Tú, viejo Duero, sonríes
entre tus barbas de plata,
moliendo con tus romances
las cosechas malogradas.

Políptoton es la repetición de una misma palabra con flexiones diferentes:

Tanto dolor se agrupa en mi costado
que por doler me duele hasta el aliento.

Polisíndeton consiste en el empleo de conjunciones para separar los diferentes elementos de una enumeración:

Quiero minar la tierra hasta encontrarte,
y besarte la noble calavera
y desamordazarte y regresarte.

Quiasmo consiste en la repetición de una misma estructura sintáctica en dos oraciones o versos alterando el orden de los elementos que las forman:

Fue sueño ayer, mañana será tierra.

Retruécano consiste en la repetición de una frase con alteración del orden de sus diferentes elementos.

Símil o comparación es la asociación de dos elementos de la realidad a través de un nexo explícito (como, igual que, etc.) :

En los chopos lejanos del camino,
parecen humear las yertas ramas
como un glauco vapor —las nuevas hojas—

Sinécdoque es un tipo de metonimia. Lo que la distingue es que la relación de significado es de inclusión. En lugar de usar el término que queremos referir usamos uno que está incluido en él o que lo incluye.

Sinestesia consiste en asociar un elemento con otro que pertenece a un ámbito de percepción sensorial diferente, como describir una luz por su olor, o el tacto de un objeto mediante un adjetivo que apela al gusto, etc:

y paso largas horas oyendo gemir al huracán, o ladrar
los perros, o fluir blandamente la luz de la luna.

Zeugma consiste en la elisión de una palabra que se sobreentiende u omite y se aplica a diferentes elementos de una oración:

Del irado es de apartar por poco tiempo, del enemigo por mucho.
Figuras retóricas (Resumen)

Aliteración: Repetición del mismo sonido.
Anadiplosis: Palabra repetida al final y principio del siguiente verso.
Anáfora: Repetición de la misma palabra a principio de verso.
Antítesis: Conceptos que se oponen. (Corto / Largo, Sol / Luna)
Apóstrofe: Dirigirse a alguien, normalmente con elementos de la naturaleza.
Asíndeton: Serie de palabras sin relación, separadas con comas y sin conectores.
Encabalgamiento: Romper un sintagma (Empezar y acabar) en dos versos.
Enumeración:  Grupo de palabras sin conectores con relación.
Epanadiplosis: Repetir a principio y a final de verso la misma palabra.
Epíteto: Adjetivo innecesario.
Eufemismo: Suavizar un término desagradable.
Hipérbaton: Cambiar orden natural de las palabras. (Yoda)
Hipálage: Transferir una característica de un sustantivo a otro, apareciendo los dos conceptos en el mismo texto.
Hipérbole: Exagerar.
Interrogación retórica: No se busca respuesta.
Ironía: dar a entender lo contrario de lo que se ha dicho.
Lítote o atenuación: Negar lo contrario.
Metáfora: Semejanza poco real, pero existente.
Metonimia: Metáfora con semejanza real.
Oxímoron: Ideas opuestas en un mismo sintagma. (Agua seca)
Paradoja: utilización de expresiones que envuelven una contradicción.
Paralelismo: Repetición de una misma estructura.
Paranomasia: Palabras con sonido semejante pero con diferente significado.
Personificación: Dar características humanas a algo material.
Políptoton: Repetición de una palabra con diferentes flexiones. (Sueño soñaba)
Polisíndeton: Utilizar muchas conjunciones. (y)
Quiasmo: consiste en una repetición e inversión del orden de palabras.
Retruécano: Repetir la misma frase con otro orden.
Símil o comparación: Comparar. (Como)
Sinécdoque: Sustituir con una palabra relacionada.
Sinestesia: Asociar con un elemento de carácter sensorial con otro diferente. (Vista con tacto, toqué el amanecer)
Zeugma: Omitir palabra que se sobreentiende.
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1p9SazpueUFfemdIpQDTP90jy-p6dfImHSJj9nvlfFXY/edit?usp=sharing

Poema Francés

Ode a l’eau

L'eau, bleue comme les yeux bleus
constant comme l'amour que je ressens pour toi
il coule à travers la terre donnant la vie à son passage
toujours constant ne changeant jamais.

Il grimpe au sommet de la montagne
descend doucement à travers la porte de toutes les villes
et il retourne à son début pour recommencer son cycle
comme le cycle de nos vies.

bleu comme l'eau des marais qui reflètent votre beauté en passant
éphémère comme une brise d'été
mais contondant comme le pire des tempêtes
me coupe mon souffle à chaque fois

Les vagues de la mer se révoltent comme une omelette,
cuit par le feu brûlant de mon coeur
Avec ceci je dis au revoir
avec une larme suspendue à mon coeur

PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND HEALTH HABITS

PHYSICAL EDUCATION
AND HEALTH HABITS

1ºBach
1st Term
December 2017


Index

Introduction
Interview
Teenagers
Sports Habits
Eating Habits
Young Adults
Sports Habits
Eating Habits
Adults
Sports Habits
Eating Habits
My own interview
Analysis and comparison
Conclusion
People that were interviewed

Introduction

I have done an interview to some of my nearby friends and family members to determine their habits about their physical activity and diet. To be more specific and visual, I have created graphs. Also, I have divided them in three groups: Teenagers (14-18), Young adults (19-39), Adults (40 or more).

In each group of people, starting from the youngest group and ending with the adults, I have asked them different questions, such as how many hours a week they do sport, if they wanted to do more, if it was an individual or group, if they stretch and what their reasons are to why they do or don’t do sport. Furthermore, they had to answer what they eat, whether they are happy with it, if they breakfast and eat in fast food restaurants and finally, if they are happy with their body.

To end this project, I will analyse all the data I have recollected and give a conclusions and some ideas on how each group could improve their lifestyle.


Interview

I rounded up a group of 13 teenagers and asked them about their sports habits.

Not everyone does sport, but those who do it, their reasons are because society demands it, although they won't say it. Those who don’t do sport just don’t have time or don’t like doing sports. 8 people say they would like to do more. That might be because they feel they could achieve bigger things.
At this age, it is good to have partners, so they can motivate you and help you progres. Competitivity also plays a big role at this age.


It is always good to stretch before and after doing sports because you could get very severe injuries. It also helps the muscle ‘activate’.

5 out of 13 people don’t feel good about their body. Basically, it is because of the aforementioned reason: Society.

6) Why are you happy or unhappy about your body?
I have never been that type of person that feels insecure about their body
I would like to be bigger
I am not in a very good shape
There are things I like and dislike about my body
Because I just don’t like my body
Yes, because I like it although I could get fitter
I have a body that is mine and I can change whenever I want…. Why would I not like it?
Because I feel good when I do sport
Because I am healthy and that is enough to like it
It is not a bad body, it is good looking
There are no reasons I can give
I don’t have a lot of strength but I can do sports without ‘dying’
I am strong

7) Why do you do sports?
To burn energy
I have tried to start a group sport, but at my age it is quite difficult
Because I like achieving my goals
No, because after being 3 months in a hospital without doing anything, now everything is hard to do
I like doing sport x4
To relieve stress
to eat without getting fat
To have a good body x2


Now I am going to give information about their eating habits


The usual and recommended amount of meals per day is 3, although in some counties, they have different traditions, such as ‘merienda’. Those who eat 5 or more times a day say they feel bad about it but will keep doing it. Only one says he wants to stop.

Only 1 person doesn’t like their eating habits, that person feels like they eat too much. He/She wants to start a diet and start doing some sport. He/She told me that this interview had opened his/her eyes and asked me to keep their name anonymous.

3)  What do you usually eat?
I don’t eat fish but I eat meat and pasta
Little quantities of red meat and fish. Normal amounts of Fruit/vegetables
A Balanced diet x5
Everything but I could eat more meat
Rice
Everything x2
Ecological food
Little vegetables, fruit and fish

4) Would you change anything of you diet?
More vegetables
No x7
Yes, things that are better for my metabolism
More fruit
Too much ecological food
More fruits and vegetables
Too eat a more balanced diet


All 13 of my subjects weren’t on a special diet. They were also not planning on starting one.


Only 4 out of 13 don’t breakfast everyday. Nutritionists say this is the most important meal of the day, as it provides energy to your body after being (approx) 11 hours without eating anything. All of those who breakfast say they eat cereal with milk, which was quite surprising for me as I thought more people would eat bread. Those who don’t usually breakfast say it is because they don’t have time.

Eating regularly in fast food restaurants is bad for your health because the food they sell doesn’t provide you with the nutrients that your body needs. These places should be avoided and you should only go if there is no other alternative. Unfortunately, only 1 person goes there.

After asking teenagers about their habits, I then started asking young adults whose age goes from 19 to 39. I only got the opportunity to ask four people.
At this age, everyone tends to do at least 1 hour a week sport. As they don’t go to school, they have to look for sports by themselves, which might be a bit difficult for them.

Only one would like to do more, the others say that they don’t have any more spare time, their jobs demand them too much time.

At this age, people tend to go and do sports whenever it is convenient for them, so other people don’t have to depend on them.

Only half of them stretch, which isn’t very good because as you get older, so do your muscles.

Most of them are, because at this age, other things are more important.


6) Why do you like, or dislike your body)
I would like to be thinner and without cellulite
I am not flat and everything is perfect
It s a flat and healthy body
I feel good about my body

7) Why do you do sport?
To keep healthy
To keep active
To stay strong
To Beat my marks, new objectives and new challenges

Now I asked them about their health and eating habits.

They say they eat that many times because in their offices they have different snacks, although they say it is not a bad thing.

Most of them are, the person that didn’t  feel happy said that more food had to be eaten.
3) What do you usually eat?
Balanced diet x3
Balanced diet hydrates+proteins+vegetables but I sometimes eat unhealthy snacks.

4) would you like to change anything of your diet?
No x2
Less sugar
More fruit and fish

5) Do you have a special diet?
No x4
This is because they are mature enough to know what is good for them and what isn’t. Indirectly, they are creating their own diet.

6) Do you eat breakfast?
Yes, always x4
This is quite surprising because they told me the exact same reasons as I gave in the teenage group.

7) Do you eat frequently in Fast Food restaurants?
No x4
They are all conscious about the detrimental effects these foods have on one’s body.


Finally I asked the adult group the questions. I only got to talk to 4.


Only 1 person did sport. The reasons for this are explained below.

Only 1 person wants to do more sport. Right now, that person does 0 hours a week of sport.
3) Is it a group or individual sport?
The person who does sports does it in group in the gym. He does guided activities.

4) Do you do stretching before doing sport?
Yes, I once got injured, and since then, I always stretch

5) Why do you do (or don’t) do sport?
I don’t like doing sport activities x2
To keep fit
I can’t
At this age, they told me, other things are more important, such as health. They don’t care about the appearance.

7) Why are you happy or unhappy about you body?
It is normal
It is well proportioned
I feel good about it
I have arthritis

After those questions, I asked them about their eating habits.

In this graph you can’t see the age, but the older the people, the more they eat and they worry less about the quantities.

2) What do you usually eat?
They all eat a balanced diet, they say they have learnt from past errors. An example they gave me is that for a long period of time that person only ate junk food. He felt that he had no energy and had a bad feeling. He did this because he hadn’t got much money at that time.

3) Would you change anything of your diet?
Nobody wanted to change anything, they said they ingested all the nutrients they had to, and if they didn’t, they took pills.

4) Are you on a special diet?
No x3
Yes x1

5) Do you eat breakfast?
All of them do. They have organised their time so each morning they have enough time to eat breakfast.

6) Do you usually eat in fast food restaurants?
None of them do, they consider that they are places for young people where they wouldn’t fit in.

Now, I am going to complete the interview with my own details.
My own interview (14-18)

How many hours a week do you do sports?
3 hours
Would you like to do more?
No, it is enough
What type of sport is it?
Group Sport
Do you stretch before and after?
Yes
Why do you do sport?
I realised I wasn’t doing anything, so I decided to start a sport to get stronger
Are you happy with your body?
Yes
Why?
Because I am not fat, although I could have more muscle

Now, the eating habit questions

How many times do you eat a day?
4
Are you happy about eating habits?
Yes
What do you usually eat?
Everything but not many vegetables and fish
Would you change anything about your diet?
Yes, I could eat a more balanced diet
Do you have any special diet?
No
Do you have breakfast?
Yes, always
Do you frequently eat in Fast Food restaurants
No, maybe twice a month


Comparison and analysis

There is a progressive decline in sports activity throughout the years. The teenagers have more time to do sports, that is because they end school relatively early. From then until bedtime there are many hours, what they do is use those hours to get fit and stay healthy. They also do sports to achieve society’s demands. People between the ages of 19 to 39 are either studying very hard or working. They have less time and less energy to dedicate to work. The adults on the other hand, (some of them)  have much more time, although they feel like they are not done for sport and wouldn’t fit in.

Regarding their view about their body, teenager are the most susceptible to do sport to feel good about their appearance, the older you get, the less important it is for you.

What usually happens with eating habits is that as time passes, the more mature you get and more things you try. Most young people say they don’t like things when they haven’t even tried them.  It could be said that teens want to eat healthier, but won’t do it because they just don’t want to.

Conclusion

From my point of view, the older you get, the healthier you eat. You are more open to trying new things and have learnt from your past mistakes. It can be said that when you are getting you want to improve your health without recurring to sports.
Regarding physical activity, it is like a rollercoaster, when you are a baby, you do very little sport, when you get to school until baccalaureate, yo do a lot of sport. After, when you get to university and get your first job, you do very little sports because you have to be centered in the academical and economical life. Once you have a fix job, you start doing certain activities, but just to keep healthy and getting out of the routine. Finally, when you are old, and your bones and muscles start to fail, you stop doing sports and look for another hobby.

People that were interviewed




******** Not shown for confidientiality

Conversión a GB


1 ... = ... GB


1 Kilobyte (KB) = 0, 000 001 GB
1 Megabyte (MB) = 0, 001 GB
1 Gigabyte (GB) = 1 GB
1 Terabyte (TB) = 1 000 GB
1 Petabyte (PB) = 1 000 000 GB
1 Exabyte (EB) = 1 000 000 000 GB
1 Zettabyte (ZB) = 1 000 000 000 000 GB
1 Yottabyte (YB) = 1 000 000 000 000 000 GB

Excursiones 1º Bach

Energia eòlica:

Va venir a l’aula de tecnologia industrial una dona de General Electric a explicar-nos les bases de l’energia eòlica.

Va portar una presentació de la empresa on treballa. Va donar-nos diferentes dades les quals ens van sorprendre moltíssim. Bàsicament perquè els números eren gegants. Els aerogeneradors tenen una altura que varia depenent de la localització i produeixen energia depenent de la velocitat del vent. 

Va ser una presentació que va agradar a tothom ja que no crec que ningú sàpigues les dimensions dels aerogeneradors. També va ser una gran oportunitat per conèixer l’enginyeria industrial. Va explicar per sobre el sector d’energies renovables i no m’importaria una segona part.


HP:

Al segon trimestre vam anar a l’empresa HP. La fábrica d’allà està centrada en la fabricació i disseny d'impressores.

Primerament ens vam reunir tots a una sala i els dos caps de l’empresa ens van presentar un powerpoint amb informació de l’empresa des de els seus inicis fins avui. Em va sorprendre molt el número de vendes per segon que estaven fent i també que Hewlett i Packard es van separar i van anar cadascun per lliure; per això es diu ara HP i no Hewlett i Packard. A continuació vam esmorzar i després ens van separar en dos grups. Tots dos grups vam visitar totes les instal·lacions, passant per impressores 3D molt cares fins a congeladors, passant per impresores desmontades i oficines.

Personalment va ser una excursió molt interessant. Vaig aprendre coses noves i va ser molt interactiva. Els qui ens estaven parlant eren molt amables, sabien del que parlaven i responien les nostres preguntes. La visita va ser molt interactiva, vam veure com treballaven i ens van deixar veure impressions ja fetes en 3D,

Logística:

Al tercer trimestre ens va venir un home, amb estudis d’ADE i experimentat en el sector alimentari, a parlar sobre la logística. Ell treballa actualment a Intralox

La logística cobreix la gestió i la planificació de les activitats dels departaments de compres, producció, transport, emmagatzematge, manteniment i distribució.
El transport s’encarrega de moure la mercaderia del punt A fins el punt B.
La logística prepara, enmagatzema, coordina el transport, gestiona els pagaments i s’encarrega de que la mercaderia estigui en bones condicions.
A la cadena de subministrament compra la materia prima, parla amb els proveïdors, fabrica el producte, el distribueix, posa els productes als punts de venda, el consumidor el compra i finalment hi ha ha un servell post venta.




Des de un punt objectiu i sense voler ofendre a ningú, no vaig aprendre res de nou i no va ser massa interessant.

3 Sports and Rules

Volleyball

  1. The basic rules of sport
    There are many rules for Volleyball. Some of the most important ones are:
    Rules:
    • Each team can only hit the ball 3 times.
    • Players are not allowed to hit the ball twice in a row.
    • The ball is allowed to touch the net when serving and while playing; unlike other sports.
    • The ball can be touched with any part of the body.
    • Players are not allowed to catch, hold or throw the ball, although they can hold it while serving.
    • The ball has to be thrown up to serve.
    • The person serving has to serve within the next 8 seconds after the referee whistling.
    • Players move clockwise.
    • Matches are organised in sets.
      Points
      • A point is made/scored when the team bounces the ball on the other team or if the ball is thrown outside the limits of the court which are mentioned below. If the ball bounces on the line, it is considered in.
      • Points are given to the opponent when the one serving does not achieve to pass the ball to the other side.
      • A point is also given to the other team when a player touches the net while the game is taking place.
      • Players cannot touch the ball before it has crossed the net.
      • Serving out of the clockwise rotation.

      1. Field structure and limits
      The dimensions of the court are 18 meters long, by 9 meters wide, divided into two parts. A photo has been added below.
      Only 6 people can be on each side of the net, 3 on the front and 3 on the back.
      Players have to serve from behind the serving line.
      1. The sports history in Spain
      Volleyball was created in 1895 by William G. Morgan. He was then director of Physical Education at the Ymca of Holihoke, in the state of Massachusetts. Volleyball is one of the most popular sports in spain after football. In 1950 was built and was in a section of FEB. In 1951 a Spanish competition took place. In 1953 the volleyball section joins the FIVB Volleyball International Federation. The Spanish Volleyball Federation (RFEVB) was formally constituted on January 26, 1960.

      1. Material needed to do this sport



      • A standard volleyball is needed, which is made of synthetic leather or real leather.
      • Players have to wear a T-shirt and lycra shorts. Each team of a different colour.

      • Knee and elbow pads.
      • A net which is 2.43 meters for men and 2.24 meters for women.



        • For the 3 sports explain national status only:
        • The main league calendar

          What clubs or athletes participated in this league

          • I chose the European League, so most european countries
            Facilities used, to play the sport
            • Volleyball is a sport which is played usually indoors.
              Club or athletes rankings at the end of the season
              Seeing this results we can say that the spanish federation hasn’t won many competitions in 1st place.
              Frisbee
              1. The basic rules of sport
              How to make points: Each time the offense completes a pass in the defense's end zone, the offense scores a point. Play is initiated after each score.
              The disc can move in any direction.
              The thrower has 10 seconds to throw the disk.
              When a pass is not completed successfully, the defense immediately takes possession of the disc and becomes the offense.
              No physical contact is allowed.
              No running with the disk.

              1. Field structure and limits
                A rectangular shape with end zones at each end. A regulation field is 64 meters by 36,5 meters, with end zones 22,8 meters deep.

                1. The sports history in Spain
                  The first frisbee appears in California, USA, around 1903, when a group of young people from Bridgeport had fun throwing each other the molds of the cakes, manufactured by the company Frisbie Pie Company.
                  In Spain there is a Federation called Federación Española de Discos Voladores.
                  In August of 2001, the First Spanish Championship of Ultimate was held in Castelldefels.
                  In 2017 Frisbee was registered as an Association in the registry

                  1. Material needed to do this sport
                    A standard disk.
                    1. For the 3 sports explain national status only:

                      • The main league calendar
                        What clubs or athletes participated in this league


                        • Bárbaros Ultimate Frisbee Alicante
                        • Bolskandisc Huesca, Aragón
                        • C.D. ULTIMATE FRISBEE FUENGIROLA "BOKERONES" Fuengirola, Málaga
                        • Catalyst Barcelona, CT
                        • Disckatus Ultimate Madrid
                        • Flying Squirrels Palau de Plegamans, CT
                        • Peixets Barcelona, CT
                        • Polbo Ultimate A coruña
                        • Sharks Barcelona, CT
                        • URRACAS ULTIMATE Salamanca
                        • Facilities used, to play the sport

                                      Usually played in a grass court, and on the beach.

                                      • Club or athletes rankings at the end of the season

                                        Badminton

                                        The basic rules of sport

                                        • one person plays against one person or doubles, where two people play against two people.
                                        • The objective of the game is for the team to win 2 sets faster than your opponent.
                                        • To win a set, the team must score 21 points and be at least two points ahead.
                                        • To score a point, you must aim to hit the shuttlecock,over the net and onto your opponent’s floor without the opponent returning.
                                        • Are different for singles and doubles. To start the game, a player must serve the shuttlecock below the waist.


                                        • Field structure and limits

                                        • The court is 13.4m long and 6.1m wide.
                                        • The net is 1.55 m above the ground.
                                        • Limits are different for doubles, as seen in the picture.
                                          1. The sports history in Spain
                                          Badminton is originary from India, Asia. The Spanish Badminton Federation was founded in 1985. Badminton began playing in Galicia in 1970. The first badminton championship was in 1982 in Valladolid. David Serrano Vílchez won 7 consecutive Spanish championships between 1990 and 1996. He was also the first Spanish badminton player to participate in the Olympic Games. Below is a photo of Carolina Martin, professional badminton player.


                                          1. Material needed to do this sport


                                          • Badminton Racket
                                          • Shuttlecock
                                          • Badminton Shoes
                                          • Badminton Attire (T-shirt)
                                          • Net
                                          1. For the 3 sports explain national status only:
                                            • The main league calendar

                                              • What clubs or athletes participated in this league
                                                The most important badminton players in Spain are: David Serrano Vilchez, Esther Sanz, Dolores Marco, Sergio Llopis, José Antonio Crespo, Yoana Martínez and Carolina Martin.

                                                • Facilities used, to play the sport
                                                  Badminton is played indoors.

                                                  • Club or athletes rankings at the end of the season
                                                    These are the first 5 players in the category Seniors A1.

                                                    6. A table which compares at least 6 characteristics techniques that can be differentiated


                                                    Volleyball
                                                    Frisbee
                                                    Badminton
                                                    Parts Used
                                                    Any part of the body
                                                    Hand
                                                    Racket
                                                    Used material to “throw”
                                                    Ball
                                                    Disk
                                                    Shuttlecock
                                                    Court size
                                                    Medium
                                                    Big
                                                    Small
                                                    Points
                                                    25
                                                    15
                                                    21
                                                    Participants
                                                    6 vs 6
                                                    7 vs 7
                                                    2 vs 2
                                                    Date of appearance
                                                    1895
                                                    1903
                                                    1860

                                                    ACTIVITY 2: PE CLASS

                                                    1. Objectives and contents
                                                      The main objective for a PE class is that everyone moves and has fun. This can be easily achieved with the 3 aforementioned sports. First I would start with a simple frisbee game. We would play it outside. This is a good exercise to warm up and have fun. This activity is great for creating better teamwork. Afterwards, we would go inside the sports center and start playing in pairs some badminton. The net would already be set up. As one of the priorities of the sports class is that everyone is moving, everyone would be playing a match in pairs. Winners will go with winners, and teams who haven’t won would go together. The ranking will be used for the next activity, Volleyball. The net will already be there thanks to the previous activity. Another competition will take place.

                                                      1. Organization of the session:
                                                        Frisbee
                                                        2 Teams randomly selected, 1 disk. Each team on one side of the court. One team is going to throw the disk and the game will start. 10 vs 10.
                                                        Badminton
                                                        Competition in pairs. 2 vs 2.
                                                        Volleyball
                                                        Competition in groups of 5. 5 vs 5.

                                                        • Session structure: session parts
                                                          1. Frisbee
                                                          1. Badminton
                                                          1. Volleyball
                                                          1. Stretching
                                                            • Time/duration of each exercise
                                                            Classes are 55 minutes long, however students have to change. I have calculated that 7 minutes are wasted at the beginning and 7 at the end. So now we are left with 40 minutes to play all the activities.

                                                            • 7 minutes to get dressed
                                                            • 10 minutes Frisbee.
                                                            • 2 minutes to walk back to the sports centre and get the appropriate equipment for badminton.
                                                            • 10 minutes Badminton.
                                                            • 2 minutes to leave the equipment and to get the volley balls.
                                                            • 10 minutes Volleyball.
                                                            • 6 minutes stretching.
                                                            • 7 minutes to get dressed.

                                                              Material required

                                                                • Disk
                                                                • Net
                                                                • Rackets
                                                                • Birdie
                                                                • Ball

                                                                  • Groups: in pairs, individuals…
                                                                    Frisbee is going to be in 2 groups selected randomly, badminton is going to be in pairs. And 4 groups of 5 are going to be created.

                                                                    • Area where the activity will take place
                                                                      Frisbee is going to take place outside in the football court. This way there is a larger field and students don’t get very warm.
                                                                      Then we will all go inside and start playing badminton and volleyball, because a flat surface is needed/preferred.